There is a list of arthritis medications, standard, from which you physician will chose in order to decrease the spread of the disease and manage your pain.
The first arthritis medications, standard, is acetaminophen (OTC Tylenol) which is recommended by the American College of Rheumatology and the American Geriatric Society as a front line of treatment for osteo arthritis, likewise known as degenerative arthritis. Acetaminophen works by decreasing pain as an analgesic. It is metabolized through the liver. If you have other medications that you’re presently using that also metabolize in the liver, or if you have liver damage from past alcohol consumption you and your doctor may wish to consider another medication.
Gout is a very painful rheumatic disorder caused by an excess of uric acid that gets accumulated in the bloodstream and the connective tissue of the joint respectively. Eventually, the buildup of uric acid will inflame the joint leading to acute gouty arthritis. Gout often initiates by a sudden attack of acute pain, swelling and stiffness in the joints. It commonly affects joints of the decline in body part including as the knees, ankles, toes, or heels. The accumulation of excess uric acid may also damage the kidneys, in which kidney stones formed.
Arthritis drug list osteo
Cyclo-oxygenase-2 or COX-2 inhibitors are drugs which block an inflammation enzyme called COX –2. This class of drug was initially believed to work just as the NSAID’s do but with fewer stomach issues. However after numerous reports of heart attacks and strokes from users the FDA re-evaluated the risks and benefits. Some of the COX-2 drugs are known as Vioxx and Bextra which have been removed from the American market. Celebrex continues to be available but is labeled with strong warnings and recommendations to prescribe at the last possible doses for the shortest time possible.
Steroids, aka corticosteroids, suppress the immune system and the symptoms of inflammation. Very commonly used with osteo arthritis or degenerative arthritis. This group of arthritis medications, standard, can be given orally or by injection. They should be avoided at all cost for infectious arthritis since they suppress the immune system and will cause the infection to spread throughout the system.
Steroids have multiple side effects, including upset stomach, cataracts, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, thinning bones, increased infections, high blood pressure, increased appetite. These are noticed when the medication is taken over an extended period of time.
Another group of arthritis medications, standard, are anti-arthritic drugs have traditionally been used to treat Rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune disorders that cause arthritis. These drugs include gold salts, penicillamine, hydroxycholoquine and methotrexate. Methotrexate is highly toxic, requires frequent blood tests and is also served to treat cancer patients.
The last group of arthritis medications, standard, are anti-biologics. They are a recent breakthrough for treatment of rheumatoid type Arthritis. They are administered by injection and can dramatically increase the quality of life. Long term studies are still underway to fully understand the effects but the present research suggests they’re successful. These include Humira, Enbrel, and Remicade.
Using any of these medications, including the over the counter type, should always be taken under the supervision of your doctor and as prescribed. As harmless as aspirin or acetaminophen may appear they can do significant life-threatening damage.