Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder which causes chronic inflammation of tissues around the joints. It is known as autoimmune disease, because the antibodies found in the blood of the sufferer attacks the body tissues. Hence, the immune system of the body attacks the joints mistakenly. People in 40-50 years of age are more prone to this condition. This is a worldwide condition. However, in the United Stated more than 2 million persons suffer from this debilitating condition. However, the relationship of the disease is more in women as compared to men. Research has demonstrated that it is the most commonly occurring type of arthritis in the United States.
Although many organs of the body are affected by rheumatoid arthritis, but the major joints being attacked by this condition are synovial joints in wrists, knees and ankles. The most commonly occurring symptoms are fever, muscle pain and swelling of joints accompanied by weight loss. It has likewise been seen that those suffering from insomnia, rheumatoid arthritis experience fatigue, and restricted joint movement particularly in the morning. It is also difficult for them to hold objects.
Some symptoms are shared by nearly all types of arthritis such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and gouty arthritis. There are over 100 types of arthritis categorized on the grounds of their symptomatic differences which are unique to each type. The sufferers of rheumatoid arthritis show some additional symptoms such as stiffness of joints, swelling and pain. This type of arthritis affects the joints symmetrically, followed by the occurrence of lumps under the skin known as rheumatoid nodules. This disease leads to reducing the space between the joints, causing bone erosion.
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In rheumatoid arthritis, the affected joint area appears pink and warmer, relative to other body parts. All these symptoms cause severe pain in the joint. Temporary as well as permanent inflammation, both increase the joint sensitivity, making it tender and extremely painful.
Anemia, erthrocyte sedimentation rate, ulna deviation, deformation of bones, and swan neck are among the other symptoms of chronic RA. Deformity of hands is the one of the more commonly seen symptoms as well. This symptom appears with the ulnar deviation which is fundamentally the deviation of fingers towards the bone of forearm. The tendons attach to the bones and is liable for the movement of bones get ruptured due to this disease. It is difficult to move the fingers and do the regular duties of the average everyday person, as a result. There are several surgeries which can be useful in improving the deformities caused by rheumatoid arthritis. However, there is no permanent cure of this disease, because it is an autoimmune disorder; fortunately, a variety of treatments are provided to reduce symptoms in sufferers.