Bone spurs are bony projections that develop along the edges of bones. The bone spurs themselves are not painful, but they can rub against nearby nerves and bones, causing pain.
Bone spurs, also called osteophytes, can form on any bone. They often form where bones meet each other in your joints. But, they may likewise be found where ligaments and tendons connect with bone. Bone spurs can also form on the bones of your spine.
Arthritis in neck with bone spurs
A bone spur forms as the body tries to repair itself by building extra bone. It generally forms in reaction to pressure, stress, or rubbing that continues over an extended period of time.
Some bone spurs form as part of the aging process. As we age, the slippery tissue called cartilage that covers the edges of the bones within joints breaks down and eventually wears away (osteoarthritis). In addition, the discs that provide cushioning between the bones of the spine may break down with age. Over time, this leads to pain and swelling and, in some cases, bone spurs forming along the banks of the joint. Bone spurs due to aging are especially common in the joints of the spine and feet.
Bone spurs also form in the feet in response to tight ligaments, to events such as dancing and running that put emphasis on the feet, and to pressure from being overweight or from badly fitting shoes. For example, the long ligament on the lower part of the foot (plantar fascia) can become stressed or tight and pull on the heel, causing the ligament to become inflamed (plantar fasciitis). As the bone tries to mend itself, a bone spur can form on the underside of the heel (known as a " ;heel spur"). Pressure at the back of the heel from frequently wearing shoes that are too tight can result in a bone spur on the back of the heel. This is sometimes called a "pump bump" because it is often viewed in women who wear high heels.
Another common site for bone spurs is the shoulder. Your shoulder joint is in a position to move in a series of directions due to its complex structure. Over time, the bones, muscles, tendons, and ligaments that make up your shoulder can wear against one another. The muscles that enable you to lift and rotate your arm (called the rotator cuff) start at your shoulder blade and are connected to your upper arm with tendons. As these tendons move through the narrow gap between the top of your shoulder and your upper arm, they can rub on the bones. Bone spurs can form in this narrow area that, in turn, pinch the rotator cuff tendons, resulting in irritation, inflammation, stiffness, weakness, pain, and sometimes tearing of the tendon. This condition, rotator cuff disorder, usually occurs with age and/or repetitive use of the shoulder. It is likewise common in athletes, especially baseball players, and in people such as painters who frequently work with their arms above their heads.
When it is found in the knee, there could be difficulty in bending and extending your leg. This is because these bone spurs come in between the tendons and bones which inhibit the smooth movement of knees. Knee bone spurs fall under the category of overall feet bone spurs.
Bone spurs can push against the nerves or even the spinal cord. That can lead to numbness and pain in a specific part of the body controlled by that nerve center. So numbness and pain could be a possibility, when it comes to bone spur symptoms.
Bone spur symptoms in the neck can make things really difficult. The symptoms of bone spur in the neck include difficulty in swallowing and respiration. This could be in the case, when a cervical bone spur protrudes inward.
If you feel hard lumps under your skin on fingers, it could be a sign of a bone spur. These lumps also make the fingers disfigured along with intermittent pain.
Bone spur symptoms include an experience of restricted range of the shoulder movements. This is because the rotor cuff, a tendon group responsible for the shoulder movements, can be rubbed upon by the bone spurs. Tendonitis in your rotator cuff could also be a sign of bone spur.
In your knee, bone spurs may make it painful to expand and bend your leg. Bone spurs can get in the path of bones and tendons that keep your knee operating smoothly.
On your spine, bone spurs can push against your nerves, or even your spinal cord, causing pain and numbness elsewhere in your body.
On your neck, cervical bone spurs can protrude inward, occasionally making it hard to swallow or painful to breathe. Bone spurs can also push against veins, restricting blood flow to your brain.
Make an appointment with your doctor if you experience pain or swelling in one or several joints, or if you experience difficulty moving a joint. If you have an underlying health condition, early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent or slow further joint damage.
Symptoms of arthritis include pain and limited function of joints according to the Cleveland Clinic. Inflammation of the joints from arthritis is characterised by joint stiffness, swelling, warmth, and redness. Tenderness of the inflamed joint can be present.
Bone spurs develop in areas of inflammation or injury in nearby cartilage or tendons. Common locations for bone spurs are found in the back, or sole, of the heel bone of the foot, around joints that have degenerated cartilage, and in the spine adjacent to degenerated discs.
Bone spurs can break off from the larger bone, becoming what doctors call loose bodies. Often bone spurs that have become loose bodies will float in your joint or become embedded in the lining of the joint (synovium).
Loose bodies can drift into the fields in between the bones that make up your joint, getting in the manner and causing intermittent locking a sensation that something is preventing you from moving your joint. This joint locking can come and go as the loose bodies move into and outside of the way of your joint.
If your bone spurs do not cause you any pain or if they do not limit any range of motion in your joints, then you probably will not need treatment. If you need treatment, it’s typically directed at the basic problem to prevent further joint damage.
If your bone spurs are causing pain, your doctor may recommend over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to ease the pain.
Surgery to remove bone spurs can be carried out in an open procedure, meaning the surgeon cuts open the skin around your joint to have access to your joint. Or bone spur removal may be performed arthroscopically, meaning the surgeon makes several small incisions to insert special surgical tools. Your surgeon uses a tiny camera to see inside your joint during arthroscopic surgery.