Numbness is an abnormal condition when a person experiences lack of sensation in a particular part of the body. In most of the cases, numbness is accompanied with tingling sensation which is a common symptom of several health conditions. In minor cases, this condition occurs if excess pressure is exerted on a particular portion of the body for a very long period. However, if you experience this condition frequently, you shouldn’t ignore it, as it can be a sign of a severe disorder. Let us take a look at the potential causes in detail.
Most of the finger numbness causes aren’t emergency conditions that require immediate medical attention. However, the underlying cause could serve as a life-threatening condition like stroke or severe trauma. If numbness in fingers is accompanied with the following symptoms, you must move on to the emergency room, as soon as possible.
Makes you wonder!
This is only a brief summary about some of the potential causes of numbness in fingers. Sometimes, those who’ve undergone surgery of the cervical spine may also experience this symptom. Use of certain medication, deficiency of potassium and calcium, and stress, are likewise linked to finger numbness. If the symptom is persistent and/or severe, consult your doctor at the earlier. The mode of treatment for numbness in fingers may vary from one patient to another, on the base of the underlying cause. Apart from medication, exercises, and occupational and physical therapy may be suggested. In some cases, surgery is also recommended.
There are several possible reasons for numbness in hands and feet. The following are among the common ones.
An injury to the shoulder bone, arm and elbow joints may give rise to numbness in fingers; while injury to the knee, leg bone, etc., leads to numbness in toes. Bone fracture is also one of the main causes of toe and finger numbness.
Herniated disc, also known as ruptured disc or slipped disc, is one of the important conditions that cause numbness in arms and legs. This condition arises when the disc placed in between two consecutive vertebrae gets injured or ruptured. Pain in the region where the disc is ruptured, numbness in arms, shoulders, fingers or toes, etc. are the symptoms of herniated disc.
Rheumatoid arthritis is a disorder of the joints, characterized by inflammation and pain in joints. The exact cause of rheumatoid arthritis is unknown. Rheumatoid arthritis is usually observed in old people. Pain and numbness in joints of fingers, toes, knee, elbow, shoulders; muscle aches, stiffness, etc. are the prominent symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis.
Another common type of arthritis is rheumatoid arthritis. This affects the joints and causes a lot of pain. Nobody really knows what causes rheumatoid arthritis. However, it appears that genetics might be playing a part. Women are three times most likely to be affected than men. Differently than other forms of arthritis, this type is most likely to affect the top of the spine, hands, and feet.
A type of arthritis that affects the spine is known as Ankylosing Spondylitis. While it is still an auto-immune disease, it affects the spine rather than joints. As opposed to rheumathoid arthritis, it affects men more than women, and it is generally developed before 40 years of age. There is back pain and stiffness, sometimes affecting the whole spine, along with general fatigue. Some even experience inflammation of the eyes. Relief from pain can be experienced with movement. Pain is at its worst when resting. Treatment is based on physical therapy, careful exercise and pain relief.
Multiple sclerosis is a condition that affects the nerve tissue of the spinal cord or the brain. The exact cause of this condition is unknown. The symptoms of this condition include tingling and numbness in fingers, paralyzed limbs, blurred vision, weakness, etc. However, one should note that multiple sclerosis is a rather rare condition.
Multiple sclerosis is a condition that can cause a variety of symptoms that may not necessarily be similar for all the affected people. They may include eye symptoms, speech problems, and intestine and bladder symptoms.
Electrolyte imbalance is one of the main causes of muscle spasms in the body. A sudden imbalance or drop in the standard of electrolytes in the body can cause tingling and numbness in fingers and toes. Secondly, abnormal levels of minerals like potassium, sodium, and calcium in the body can also lead to numbness in limbs.
Along with mineral imbalance, disturbance in the normal vitamin level in the body can also cause numbness. Most prominently, deficiency of vitamin B12 and vitamin D, causes numbness in the extremities. Vitamin deficiency is caused due to having a diet lacking in the necessary vitamins. Pernicious anemia is also among the common reasons for having lack of sensation in the extremities.
Apart from the above mentioned ones, diseases like cervical spondylosis, disorders of the brachial plexus, hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, peripheral neuropathy, carpal tunnel syndrome, tarsal tunnel syndrome, etc. are part of the other significant causes of numbness in the extremities. If you observe numbness and tingling sensation. This is accompanied with other symptoms, it is best to consult the doctor immediately. All the above mentioned causes of finger and toe numbness can be effectively treated with the aid of medications or physical therapy. In severe cases, hospitalization may even be required. Electrolyte imbalance can be handled by having an electrolytic fluid. Treatment of injuries depend on the cause and the seriousness of the injury. Herniated disc is also treated with the aid of medications like pain killers and physical therapy. Vitamin deficiency is treated by taking supplements of the deficient vitamin.