Big Toe Joint Pain Numbness

A temporary numbness in toe for a short period of time is mostly triggered by some minor issue and it subsides on its own. However, toe numbness and pain occurring together is one of these problem that you cannot afford to ignore. It can affect only one of the toes or all of them. The problem worsens further if the pain and numbness get extended to the feet and ankle and it happens quite often.

Your ill fitted shoes that doesn’t have enough room for the toes can be the culprit. In that case, change of shoes can resolve the problem. Toes and feet are common sites of traumatic injury particularly because of falling of heavy objects on them. A traumatic injury can cause dislocation in the toe joint, fracture in the bone or swelling in the soft tissues. In all these conditions, the nerves in the area get irritated and gives a sharp pain, together with a numb feeling. A serious injury can make walking or driving a painful experience. If the pain and numbness starts after your feet were exposed to freezing temperature, then it could be due to frostbite. It is characterised by a throbbing pain in the toes accompanied by numbness, skin discoloration and blisters on the toes. Here, the skin gets damaged by the extreme cold temperature.

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One of the most frequently found pain and numbness causes is an underlying problem called Morton’s neuroma. Here, the painful symptoms are felt in the area that lies in between the basis of the third and 4th toes. It is caused due to thickening of the nerve tissue or growth of tumour. As a result, normal transmission of messages by the nerves get affected and one gets painfully numb toes. When the condition gets aggravated then the symptoms get extended to the dance of the foot and make walking difficult. This is quite common in runners.

Numbness and pain in the great toe is usually a symptom of bunion. This is a bump formed at the foot of the big toe when it’s squeezed against the other toes for quite a long time due to wearing of ill fitted shoes. This is more common among women who wear high-heeled shoes. Other causes are arthritis that causes inflammation of the toe joint and gout which occur due to uric acid accumulate in the joint. If diabetic patients experience painful numbness in toes and feet, then it is very likely to be a symptom of diabetic neuropathy. This condition arises when the nerves in the toes are damaged due to unchecked blood sugar level.

Big toe joint pain numbness

There are various treatments available for arthritis, like surgical, pharmaceutical, various therapy, ayurvedic, and different home remedies.

The main purpose of the treatment is intended to provide relief from the symptoms as early as possible. To accomplish this, the root cause is identified first with the assistance of the physical examination, medical history and laboratory tests like x-rays. Pain relieving medicines are prescribed for pain management. A fractured or a dislocated bone should be maintained in an immobile state. For this, the toes are taped and the patient is invited to wear shoes with a stiff bottom. In some cases, cast is recommended for the same. A badly damaged toe bone is repaired by surgical means. The feet needs to be kept clean and dry, for faster healing of frostbites on toes. Keeping the feet at an elevated position also helps.

If it is a symptom of diabetic neuropathy, then suitable medicines are given for controlling blood glucose. Additionally, other medicines are likewise given to provide relief from pain and numbness. Those who’ve Morton’s neuroma are advised to give rest to their feet completely. Besides, massaging of the feet and wearing of low heeled shoes with soft soles ensure faster recovery from the problem. If these measures don’t yield results, then surgery is carried out for the removal of neuroma. Doctors first try to treat bunions with non surgical treatment. It involves pain killers, wearing of comfortable shoes, and use of shoe inserts. If these treatments fail then the bony bump is removed by surgical means. Gout and arthritis are mostly treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines, proper diet and exercises.

Many of the causes of toe numbness and pain can be avoided by wearing right sort of shoes. The size of your running or walking shoes should be slightly higher than your regular shoes. Moreover, lace your shoes so that it tightens your ankle area and not the toes. It is equally important that you maintain a healthy weight and do some exercises to keep your feet strong and flexible.

FAQ’s: What is the numbness in my big toe caused by?
After wearing a pair of heels to a party, i noticed the next day that my big toe on my right foot was numb. The numbness starts at the joint of the big toe, and continues down to the tip. The numbness is only on the right side of my big toe and doesn't cover the entire toe. I can move my toe, and there is no pain when walking – it just feels weird because of the numbness. I'm thinking its a pinched nerve or something? Though this has happened before. One morning, about a year ago, i had numbness just above my elbow that continued to the back of my shoulder. The skin was numb and it hurt to extend my elbow fully – i'd get a sharp pain. The numbness slowly went away til it was only located around my elbow. It is now gone, but it took months to go away. Do you think these could be related at all? What should i do about my toe?

  • You probably compressed a nerve when you wore the heels. Give it a week or two. If feeling doesn't return by then, see your doctor.

  • diabetes causes numb toes that may become permanent, known as peripheral neuropathy. it can be very painful later. avoid sugar. eat small meals at regular times. check your blood sugar.