The symptoms of Bursitis are painful. This is because the tendons and bones that are affected by Bursitis swell and cause pain for the individual. Movement becomes difficult and painful when the bursae sacs swell as well. The foot, shoulder, hand and wrist, elbow, and knee are the joints that are more often affected by Bursitis.
Coming to ischial bursitis, pain in the upper buttock area is the more noticeable. It aggravates when climbing up a hill (any movement involving elevation). This pain might also crop up if the patient has been sitting on hard surface for a very long time. Iliopectineal bursitis has the symptom of pain in the groin area.
Many people with rheumatic arthritis, scleroderma, gout, and other similar problems experience crystal deposits in and around their joints because the body is not able to metabolize uric acid properly.
There are two types of trauma that may cause Bursitis. These are chronic and acute. With chronic traumas repetitive motions cause the inflammatory Bursitis. For example, throwing a baseball is a repetitive motion that over time can cause inflammatory Bursitis. Acute trauma is a direct trauma to any area of the body that results in blood filling up the bursa. The immediate collection of blood causes swelling and pain, I.e. Bursitis.
Septic Bursitis occurs when bacteria or organisms infect the bursae near the skin’s surface. Some individuals are more prone to developing Septic Bursitis than others. For example, diabetics, alcoholics, kidney diseases, those with specific traumas, and those on steroids are at a high risk for developing Septic Bursitis.
Doctors use a wide variety of methods to diagnose bursitis. The first appointment the doctor generally asks for a record of symptoms, their onset, and what activities initiate the pain. Any other medical problems will be considered and considered during the diagnosis as well. Sometimes doctors will remove some synovial fluid from the joint to check for infection. Frequently the elbow and the knee become infected so it is essential to check the fluid. Blood testing is equally important to rule out infections, any other diseases, or the like. In some situations X-rays are used to exclude other problems as well. However, this isn’t the first approach of diagnosing Bursitis.
The frequent treatment prescribed by doctors for bursitis is P-R-I-C-E-M. This stands for protection, rest, ice, elevation, medication, and compression. In situations where this method doesn’t work and the bursitis isn’t infectious then corticosteroid is injected into the affected joint to reduce inflammation. These injections may cause complications. The corticosteroid may only be injected three times per year and at intervals of at least 30 days, as a result.
In situations where the individual has infectious bursitis then the bursa must be drained. A needle is fed into the joint and the fluid is withdrawn. Antibiotics are also prescribed to free the body of the infection. In rare circumstances when the infection is widespread oral antibiotics don’t work and the individual must be of admission to the hospital for intravenous antibiotics.
If you think you have Bursitis then you should visit your medical doctor. There are treatment options for Bursitis that can assist you manage your pain. The longer you wait the more pain you’ll experience so make an appointment as soon as possible in order to get your Bursitis under control. Those already affected with Bursitis should take good care of themselves, avoid repetitive movements, and always take care to use preventive measures to prevent additional Bursitis pain.
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Causes, incidence, and risk factors Bursae are fluid-filled cavities near joints where tendons or muscles pass over bony projections. They assist movement and reduce friction between moving parts. Bursitis can be caused by chronic overuse, trauma, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, or infection. Sometimes the cause cannot be determined. Bursitis commonly occurs in the shoulder, knee, elbow, and hip. Other areas that may be affected include the Achilles tendon and the foot. Chronic inflammation can occur with repeated injuries or attacks of bursitis. Symptoms You may notice: Joint pain and tenderness when you press around the joint Stiffness and achiness when you move the affected joint Swelling, warmth or redness over the joint Treatment Your health care provider may recommend temporary rest or immobilization of the affected joint. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen may relieve pain and inflammation. Formal physical therapy may be helpful as well. If the inflammation does not respond to the initial treatment, it may be necessary to draw out fluid from the bursa and inject corticosteroids. Surgery is rarely required. Exercises for the affected area should be started as the pain goes away. If muscle atrophy (weakness or decrease in size) has occurred, your health care provider may suggest exercises to build strength and increase mobility. Bursitis caused by infection is treated with antibiotics. Sometimes the infected bursa must be drained surgically.