Our knees and hips are our largest joints, supporting the body’s weight and providing the mobility that most people take for granted. The three major types of arthritis that may influence the knee joint are Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis and Post-traumatic Arthritis, with Osteoarthritis being the most common form of knee arthritis and knee pain. Although osteoarthritis is rare in young adults, results indicated that one in three people over the minimum age of 62 has some amount of osteoarthritis on one or both knees.
It is possible to develop osteoarthritis in any joint but the knee is especially vulnerable because it is a weight-bearing joint. This is susceptible to daily wear and tear and sudden injury. In addition to poor bone alignment, genetic predisposition, and minor or major injuries, high stress activities over time often lead to osteoarthritis. In some cases, normal age-related changes, such as reduced muscle mass and bone density, may make you more prone to knee injury as you age.
Osteoarthritis (OA) in peripheral joints, most frequently involves the knee joint, and the disease may affect one or several of the three compartments of the knee. The knee joint acts to transfer force from the thigh muscles to the leg to shift the body. Loads exerted on the surfaces of the knee during normal daily activities are two to seven times the body weight. It is therefore no surprise that the knee is so vulnerable to wear and tear (Osteoarthritis). Osteo-arthritic changes in the joint decrease the effectiveness of load transfer during these activities. Overall health is impaired and Knee OA has been to shown to account for more limitations in walking, stair climbing or other daily activities than any other disease. The form of illness in the elderly is called primary osteoarthritis whereas the affliction of young people and middle aged is called Secondary osteoarthritis. Let us take a review the risk factors for developing secondary osteoarthritis. This encompasses other age groups of people in the overall population.
It all started in my early 20s when I was playing rugby for Old Belvedere in Dublin. I injured my left knee and went back to playing too soon. Then I tore a ligament. There was an operation at St Vincent’s Hospital in Dublin – they removed some cartilage that had come loose. The doctor told me the inside of my knee was a bit of a mess but he had sorted things out. I continued to play sports – not …
Man along with two more mammals, the Elephant and the bear are the only animals to have straight knees. Evolutionarily straight knees are invaluable to minimize energy expenditure during walking in such a way that the body doesn’t tilt from side to side because it would do if the knees were bent in a two legged creature. The price or side impact of the erect posture is weight transmission occurring through the inner half of the knee joint. Therefore the inner half of the knee is susceptible to wear in the ordinary course of time.
Exercises for knee arthritis young
Studies consistently show a link between excess weight and knee pain, with many knee problems being avoidable by maintaining a healthy weight. Carrying only 10 pounds excess weight increases the pressure applied to the knees by 30-60 pounds, and it was determined that about 56 per cent of severely obese people suffered from significant knee pain in comparison to 15 per cent of people who weren’t overweight. In addition, it was reported that obese women stand nearly 4 times the risk of developing knee osteoarthritis in comparison to non-obese women, and obese men standing nearly 5 times the chance.
There is no medical cure for osteoarthritis and while it is possible to regrow cartilage in a laboratory, getting implanted cartilage to grow in an osteoarthritic knee hasn’t yet been successful, as the implanted cartilage eventually dies. In most cases over-the-counter pain relievers are used but a lot of them have a wide range of side effects such as stomach pain, digestive problems, lightheadedness, and headaches. In addition, NSAIDs actually sabotage the body’s own efforts to heal itself by preventing the creation of new cartilage and speed up the degeneration of the joints. Some surgical procedures are used for knee osteoarthritis, including arthroscopic surgery and knee replacement surgery.
Osteoarthritis affects many other joints in the organization such as hips, hands, elbows, and spine. When the cartilage in these joints wear down due to old age or injury, the cartilage can not offer the cushion the joints need to prevent bone friction. When bone friction happens, pain and inflammation is the result. So any arthritis knee pain treatment that is worth its salt will rebuild damage cartilage, decrease inflammation, and relieve pain.
Exercising is an essential part of treatment, helping to improve balance and sometimes relieving pain. Specific exercises can be intended to help spread the strengths of the everyday activity to other joints thus helping to protect the knee. Regular exercise also strengthens the muscles and other structures around the knee, with range-of-motion exercises helping to maintain joint function and relieve stiffness.
Using a cane in the hand on the edge opposite to the affected knee will help to decrease demand on the rheumatoid joint.
Wearing soft-soled shoes or special shock-absorbing shoes, and replacing them frequently, will help to minimize the impact on your knees.