The meniscus of the knee is extremely important for the overall results of the knee. One of the joints that are always subject to stress and pressure is the knee and it’s just necessary that there needs to be a structure to reduce the trauma, shock, and friction between the two bones meeting at the knee joint. The meniscus isn’t confined to the knee only. It is also placed at other structures such as sternoclavicular joint, the temporomandibular joint, and the acromioclavicular joint. The knee meniscus, just like the others, is a crescent-shaped structure. Let us take a deeper look into this amazing structure of the human body.
The most popular meniscus is that of the knee. The knee is a joint where the distal end of femur and the proximal tip of the tibia meet. Between these bones are soft pads called the meniscus which is fibrocartilaginous structure situated at the lateral and medial aspects related to the knee. Its main role is to reduce tension in the knee because it is always exposed to great weight and pressure. The load exerted to the knee is being dispersed and spread out by the meniscus. The knee is basically composed of the following bones.
The meniscus of the knee is composed of strong and dense fibrocartilage. There are other two types of cartilage but the fibrocartilage is the strongest among the rest. It has the highest ratio of collagen. The fibrocartilage is found in various parts of the body that is always exposed to high stress. Other than the knee meniscus, fibrocartilage is observed in the intervertebral discs of the spinal column and other weight-bearing structures.
B.) Tears: Tears of the meniscus (cartilage) or ligaments (ACL, MCL, PCL, LCL) that cause the volatility of the knee area. These previously stated anatomical structures are important for a healthy knee.
The meniscus of the knee is also in danger of injuries, like any other type of joints. But the knee is the more vulnerable joint to sustain trauma as a result of its function and location. The knee could be displaced from its normal position with only a little higher than 20 pounds of force. The bones may be broken and the meniscus could be torn. Athletes are the most vulnerable to develop torn cartilage. The remedy could either be to repair or remove a portion of the meniscus.
Home remedies for knee joints
The meniscus of the knee enables many people to perform activities of daily living. The knee joint is in a position to articulate and move smoothly and painlessly as a result of the knee meniscus. The knee meniscus is made-up of fibrocartilage that gives the knee joint its strength and flexibility.