Pregnancy is the period, when your body undergoes a great deal of changes, owing to the rising levels of pregnancy hormones, like estrogen, relaxin, and progesterone. Along with hormonal changes, your body also undergoes some structural changes, and all these can bring about pain and discomfort in the abdominal and pelvic region. So, pain in the groin, lower back, hips, and within the thighs, are quite common during this period. Groin pain is commonly experienced in the second trimester, between 18 to 24 weeks of pregnancy. The pain usually subsides after delivery.
Most of the pregnancy related discomforts including groin pain, can be due to the hormonal fluctuations, that take place at this period. A rising level of pregnancy hormones, especially relaxin and progesterone, can cause the muscles and ligaments in the pelvic region to soften and stretch,, with a view to facilitate childbirth. However, these muscles and ligaments support the joints of the pelvic region and when they become lose, pregnant women can experience pain in the lower abdominal area, hips, and groin.
Pregnancy is likewise characterized by some structural changes of the body. This can result in groin and pelvic pain during this period. The growing fetus, as well as an increase in body weight, can put more strain on the hips and the pelvic joints. An increase in body weight also alters the centre of gravity of the body. This can result in pain and discomfort in the pelvic and the lower abdominal area. Such discomforts can become more frequent, if a correct posture isn’t maintained.
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There are many possible causes of back pain and pregnancystage is not an exception to these. Back pain is caused by the pressure on the back muscles, owing to the added weight of the baby in the uterus during pregnancy. During mid-pregnancy, the uterus becomes heavier and there is a shift in the center of gravity. In response, the posture changes and most pregnant women tend to lean backwards in the latter stage of pregnancy, making the muscles on their back work harder. Posture and strain are a common link between back pain and pregnancy.
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The weakening of abdominal muscles is also one of the sources of back pain during pregnancy. Because the abdominal muscles provide the spine with the help it needs, they play a major role in the back’s health. During pregnancy, the abdominal muscles may weaken and become stretched, thereby causing back pain. The weakening of abdominal muscles also makes pregnant women prone to back injury. This is the second link betweenback pain and pregnancy.
Pregnancy hormone is another factor that causes back pain in pregnant women. Pregnancy hormones are responsible for relaxing the ligaments along the weight-bearing joints in the pelvis, with a view to make the adoption of the baby through the pelvis easier. Though the loosening of the pelvis can contribute to the responsiveness of the joints, too much flexibility and mobility of the joints can cause back pain. This brings us to a relationship between back pain and pregnancy.
There you go, some explanations of the relationship between back pain and pregnancy and the things you can perform to relieve yourself from the back pain caused by pregnancy. If symptoms still persist, make sure to check with your doctor immediately. Never ever assume especially in the area of medication you’re going to take. Remember, your condition is very sensitive so it is better to depend on a professional in your condition.
Joint and muscle pain after pregnancy
Round ligament pain is often described as a sharp and stabbing pain, that can be felt in pelvis, the hips, and the lower abdomen or groin. The round ligaments can be accessed around the uterus and they’re responsible for supporting this organ. During pregnancy, these ligaments stretch and thicken, in order to assist and make room for the growing uterus.
All these structural changes can however, produce pain in the lower abdominal area and deep inside the groin. Sometimes the pain can travel up to the hips as well. Pregnant women usually experience this pain, when they get up suddenly from a sitting position and also when they cough, or do an activity, that puts strain on the round ligaments. Some women can also experience a dull ache in the groin area that can last for a while.
Pelvis or pelvic girdle is a compound bone structure that consists of four bones, the coccyx (tailbone), two hip bones, and the sacrum (a triangular bony structure located at the foot of the spine). The coccyx and the sacrum are joined at the back, while the two hip bones are situated at the sides. These then curve around to meet at the front. Symphysis pubis is the fibrocartilaginous joint at the front, where the two halves of pelvis meet. In fibrocartilaginous joints, the bones are joined together by cartilages and fibrous tissues, and this type of joints permit very little movements or flexibility.
What exactly causes SPD isn’t known with certainty, though several factors including overproduction of pregnancy hormones, increased load on the pelvic (due to weight gain), and the manner in which the body moves, are thought to have a partnership with this condition. The area around symphysis pubis can get inflamed, if one edge of the pelvis moves more than the other way, while walking or moving the legs. Factors like pelvic trauma, a history of multiple pregnancies, having a large baby previously, and misaligned pelvis, can raise the risk for developing SPD too. SPD can produce intense pain in the pubic and the groin area. Some women can experience pain in the back, hip, and inside the thighs, together with a clicking sensation in the pubic area.
If your groin pain isn’t improving with these measures, then consider visiting your health care professional or an obstetric physiotherapist. The usual treatment options for groin pain include, gentle exercises like abdominal wall and pelvic floor exercises, and the utilization of pelvic support belt. The physiotherapist can also give a better understanding about how to conduct your daily activities, without putting much stress on the pelvis. If the pain is too severe, then your doctor may recommend the use of analgesics. However, make certain that you do not use any medication during pregnancy without consulting your health care provider.
This article is for informative purposes only, and shouldn’t be taken as a substitute for professional medical advice.