Rheumatoid arthritis is becoming increasingly common and is one of the most serious possible health conditions. Arthritis is of seven types and rheumatoid arthritis is one of those. This falls under the autoimmune category. Osteoarthritis is still the most common forms of arthritis found amongst people, affecting their joints due to trauma, age factors, or specific infections. Rheumatoid arthritis is different as it leads to a state of the body turning against itself, though the condition is triggered off by a number of factors. The symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis are many, and initially start with mild aches and striving, but over time take severe forms.
Described in brief, rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic complaint, caused in an answer to some external factor triggering a systemic autoimmune condition. The joints swell up and begin to worsen in physical fitness over time, creating long-term pain and discomfort. The beginning symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis are inflamed and painful fingers and toes. The disorder mostly affects the joints. However, around 15 per cent of rheumatoid arthritis patients are also affected with extra-articular (beyond the joint areas) symptoms.
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Typically, the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis aren’t consistent and irrupt intermittently. These are usually referred to as?flare-ups.? The symptoms can rise at any time, whether day or night. But, the pain and inflammation are at their worst during the morning hours, soon after waking up. The swelling and pain eases throughout the day, reducing drastically by night. The reason is, when you wake up your joints are naturally stiff and in the day your movements relax them.
As rheumatoid arthritis advances, it spreads to the remainder of the body?s joints like the jaw, shoulders, hips, knees and elbows. It is often found that it affects joint pairs simultaneously, like both elbows and both knees. The symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis also include redness and warmth around the joints along with swelling and severe pain.
Although many organs of the body are affected by rheumatoid arthritis, but the major joints being attacked by this condition are synovial joints in wrists, knees and ankles. The most commonly occurring symptoms are fever, muscle pain and swelling of joints accompanied by weight loss. It has likewise been seen that those suffering from insomnia, rheumatoid arthritis experience fatigue, and restricted joint movement particularly in the morning. It is also difficult for them to hold objects.
Some symptoms are shared by nearly all types of arthritis such as rheumatic arthritis, osteoarthritis, and gouty arthritis. There are over 100 types of arthritis categorized on the grounds of their symptomatic differences which are unique to each type. The sufferers of rheumatoid arthritis show some additional symptoms such as stiffness of joints, swelling and pain. This type of arthritis affects the joints symmetrically, followed by the occurrence of lumps under the skin known as rheumatoid nodules. This disease leads to reducing the space between the joints, causing bone erosion.
A set of symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis, are known as secondary symptoms. These are connected to general health conditions as a reaction to the pain. These could be nodules under the skin, loss of appetite, anxiety, stress, depression, anemia, and a general impression of being ill. Over 25% of the patients complain of skin nodules, especially in the forearms and around the elbows. Though painless, they’re small lumps that can be felt and sometimes seen as bumps on the skin. Anemia is a condition of inadequate red blood cells to carry oxygen to the entire body, and it leads to fatigue, and laziness. This is found in over 80 percent of the patients.
In some cases, fever and weight loss is common, because of all the other symptoms combining to create general ill-health. Sleep deprivation, constant pain and weakness are also seeing in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Consistent physical ailments are common in rheumatoid arthritis patients, because of how it limits physical capabilities. Other symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis include swelling of the heart and lung linings, blood vessels, tear glands, and salivary glands.
There are certain risk factors connected with the conditions that go beyond simply recognizing the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis. Gender, age, smoking and genetics are the most common risk factors for rheumatoid arthritis. Women are more sensitive to the ailment and women over 40 are at a higher risk than younger women. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis can occur in younger people, although it’s rare. It’s important to realize that rheumatoid arthritis isn’t entirely hereditary. This means you can be carrying the genes for it, but it is not assured you will develop the condition. External triggers are necessary for that to happen. Smoking in particular can trigger and worsen rheumatoid arthritis.