Arthritis refers to a medical condition associated with the joints of the human body. Medical researchers have identified over 100 forms of arthritis; common types being Osteoarthritis, Juvenile Arthritis, Septic Arthritis, Gout, and Rheumatoid Arthritis. Osteoarthritis is far and away the most common type that tortures humans, of these.
Osteoarthritis generally affects the older generation, irrespective of the gender. However, middle aged men below 55 tend to show symptoms of arthritis more than the wife of the same age. This disease can be caused by an injury, infection or trauma to the bone or joint.
Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JIA) ;this is an inflammatory type of arthritis which affects children under the minimum age of sixteen. There are three main types of JIA; Oligoarticular (or pauciarticular) JIA. This is the most frequent form and which affects only a small number of the joints, Polyarticular JIA, which affects a number of the joints including the digits, and Systemic JIA (Stills disease), the rarer form of the condition, which is a more general illness of which joint pain is one symptom. Symptoms of JIA include stiff, conceited, reddened and painful joints which may feel hot to the touch. This can be accompanied by other symptoms as a fever or rash.
Osteoarthritis rheumatoid arthritis gout
Rheumatoid Arthritis and Gout are peculiar forms of arthritis. It is an unusual condition where the body treats certain fragments in the joint as alien compounds and starts producing antibodies against it. In other words, it is the self defense mechanism of the body that damages the tissues in the joints. These fragments are uric acid crystals. These are formed as a consequence of high levels of uric acid in the blood.
Pseudo gout;this is another inflammatory type of arthritis, and, like gout, is caused through the training of crystals in the joints. However, unlike gout where crystals are formed by uric acid, they’re formed from a kind of salt known as calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD). This build up of crystals causes swelling and pain in the knees, ankles, wrists and other joints. Symptoms include joint pain and swelling and a build up of fluid in the joint. The symptoms of pseudo gout can mimic the symptoms of gout and rheumatoid arthritis, making it hard to diagnose at times.
Treatment methods: There are several treatment methods used in treating Arthritis patients but not all methods prove to be effective for everybody. Hence, the type of Arthritis and the reasons for the condition are normally take into account when prescribing a suitable treatment method such as the ones with glucosamine supplements. Treatment can be in the shape of physiotherapy, occupational therapy, medicines, diet and in acute cases even surgery.
Fortunately and unfortunately there is no single treatment for arthritis. The treatments differ by types of arthritis and the individual. In managing the disease, emphasis is placed on relief of pain and improving joint function.
Surgical intervention becomes necessary when the joint begins to dissolve or erode. In such cases, a joint replacement surgery is performed to correct the situation. Medication is normally given in the shape of pain killers, antibiotics and anti-inflammatory pills or injections. Severe cases and those who’re unable to endure the pain are given high dosages of these medicines.
Controlling body weight and regular exercise forms part of a ‘life style change’ method used in treating Arthritis patients. Exercising is probably the most effective way to tackle arthritis before and after it hits a person. A regular exercise routine not only gives strength but it likewise increases the capacity to make movements. The more a person exercises the less pain they inherit during movement that may otherwise be painful for people with the disease.
Cure for arthritis is a debatable matter. Doctors are often sure of a complete remission but not a cure when they offer glucosamine chondroitin especially in the event of Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis. Therefore, no matter how strenuous or painful it may be, exercise should be of the utmost importance to those who suffer from Arthritis.