It is primarily used to reduce inflammation and delete the immune system and is effective in treating autoimmune diseases. Autoimmune diseases are those under which the immune system attacks its own body and destroys healthy tissue. Suppressing the immune system by using steroids such as prednisone is helpful in relieving the symptoms of these diseases. Examples of autoimmune diseases include ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s Disease, rheumatic arthritis, myasthenia gravis, type I diabetes, multiple sclerosis, lupus, and celiac disease. It is likewise used in treating some types of cancer, and in some instances in conjunction with antibiotics to treat pneumonia in patients who’ve acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). When used in organ transplant patients, prednisone hinders the body’s normal inflammatory response. When something foreign is fed into the body its normal reaction is to eliminate this material. Prednisone stops this process.
Prednisone has many benefits and assisted in countless patients find relief from the symptoms of their diseases. But prednisone also has it downsides. Although it is useful in treating a variety of conditions it comes with several negative side effects. First, the body can develop a tolerance for prednisone if it is taken for extended periods of time. Suddenly stopping prednisone can cause withdrawal symptoms. Some of these symptoms may include upset stomach, decreased appetite and weight loss, sores in weakness, the mouth, and slowed movements. Some of these side effects can become fatal so it’s very important to wean off of prednisone under the guidance of a physician.
Treatment for FM has until very lately been simply medications directed at relieving pain and specifics for other symptoms. However, now medications specifically for fibromyalgia have reached the marketplace and can be prescribed. About 2% of the people have symptoms of FM.
Prednisone has a tendency to pull calcium out of the bones and minimize the growth of new bone tissue. In the bones it causes conditions such as arthritis, osteoporosis and osteonecrosis.
Osteonecrosis is literally the death of a bone. This happens when the bones start to lose the blood supply they require to grow. Symptoms usually start with stiffness and pain in the joints usually in the upper legs. It typically develops only in those who’re on prednisone for long-term therapy.
Osteoporosis causes the bones to become brittle and also occurs with long-term therapy. A doctor will usually recommend taking calcium supplements and may also prescribe other medications such as Fosamax or Boniva. These drugs help to reduce the rate of degradation of the bones and maintain bone density.
Arthritis is a multifaceted disease that causes persistent pain in the joints and sometimes swelling in the joints. People generally complain of pain in the hips, wrists, hands, and knees.
The side effects listed above are just a short list of what that come with taking prednisone. If you’re experiencing other side effects that become severe it is better to err on the side of caution and call your doctor.