There are many kinds of arthritis. However, the one we most commonly think of is rheumatoid arthritis. White blood cells usually spend their days attacking bacteria and fighting off viruses, but with this kind of arthritis, the white blood cells move from the bloodstream (where they belong) into the membranes surrounding your joints.
There is an inflammation and liberation of proteins, as a result. Over months or years, the membrane thickens and the released proteins cause damage to neighboring cartilage, ligaments, bones and tendons. Joints can become disfigured, knocked out of alignment or even destroyed.
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Signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis may include: joint pain, joint swelling and joints that are tender to the touch. Whether you have red puffy hands, morning stiffness that lasts at least thirty minutes, or firm bumps of tissue beneath the skin on your arms, you may have some degree of the disease.
Tests diets for rheumatoid arthritis sufferers
Often, sufferers feel tired, lose weight and sense changes in wrists, hands, ankles and feet at first. In later stages, the elbows, knees, hips, shoulders, and the jaw and neck can likewise be affected. Signs and symptoms of pain may flare up and then alternate with periods of relative remission.
Your doctor will perform a physical examination to diagnose rheumatoid arthritis. He or she’ll ask you about signs and symptoms, then usually perform a blood test to check for an elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate. This will reveal an inflammatory process in the body.
Other blood tests check for the rheumatoid factor and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies. These cause joint damage. Additionally, by using a needle, a joint fluid analysis can pinpoint the disease and help rule out other disorders that mimic the symptoms of arthritis. Once diagnosed, X-rays can help track the spread of the disease in your joints.
Surgery options for persons with rheumatoid arthritis include tendon repair, total joint replacement (arthroplasty), or elimination of the joint lining (synovectomy). These procedures can help restore joint mobility, correct deformities and reduce pain. Additionally, pain management is essential to preventing long term joint damage.
Arthritis sufferers should perform low impact exercises regularly, such as swimming, for example. They should eat healthy diets with lots of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Devices that can help you with daily tasks, such as gripping tools, non-skid mats, canes and other products, can reduce emphasis on the body.
Hot packs, heating pads and hot baths have also been known to reduce arthritis pain. Lastly, keeping a positive approach and relaxing are among the best techniques to practice.